The LoRa Alliance® is a global association responsible for designing, promoting and certifying devices for the open LoRaWAN networking standard for low power, wide area networks (LPWANs). LoRaWAN is an open networking protocol that delivers highly secure bi-directional communication, mobility and localization features used for Internet of Things (IoT) solutions. LoRaWAN networks operate in the unlicensed portion of the RF spectrum. People and companies broadcasting using this portion of the spectrum do not need a license from a governmental body to do so. With 148 LoRaWAN network operators in 162 countries, LoRaWAN networks account for more than one third of all LPWAN deployments in the world, according to industry research firm IoT Analytics.